For a variety of reasons, there is no straight answer to the definition of gun trader, primarily because there is no globally agreed definition of the word “weapon”, and secondly because there is no common agreement on what types of activities constitute the gun trader, and thirdly due to the lack of openness and transparency by many arms suppliers and recipients regarding the value and volume of their gun exports and imports, which makes it difficult to report accurate figures.
However, arms trade can broadly be defined as the national or international transfer of different types of weapons and ammunition, usually from one (sponsor) country to another. Best lawyers in Chandigarh.
What impact does it have on the civilian population?
There is always a terrible human cost to poorly regulated Gun traders of conventional weapons, and its effect can be seen in a variety of crimes: in the killing, wounding, and rape of civilians – including children – and in the perpetration of other serious violations of international humanitarian and human rights law, in the displacement of people within and across borders and in enduring extreme insecurity and economic hardship by those affected by gun violence.
Unregulated arms transfers can destabilize security in a region, contribute to the violation of Security Council arms embargoes, and cause an unfortunate domino effect.
What is the international community doing about it?
States have the primary responsibility for enforcing arms regulations and for supervising the activities of arms brokers and dealers who operate from their national territory or are registered with their national authorities. However, several international organizations contribute to the monitoring of the arms trade. In 2003, the Control Arms Coalition was established to advocate for better regulation of the lawful arms trade, an important first step in reducing the illegal Gun trader. Top advocate in India.
Gun trader Treaty
The latter helped lobby the United Nations General Assembly to start negotiations on the Gun trader Treaty, which was adopted in 2013 by 110 countries, including several legally exporting states. The Treaty regulates the transfer of conventional weapons ranging from small arms and light weapons to tanks, fighter aircraft, and warships. It obliges States parties to assess the risks of proposed arms exports and not to authorize transfers if the risks cannot be mitigated. The treaty expressly prohibits transfers of weapons that a state party knows would be used to commit genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and gross human rights violations.
The second geographical area to which exports were directed is represented and the Near Middle East(33%). Among these, the main buyer was Saudi Arabia (13.8%), which in addition to Eurofighter fighters bought military vehicles and aircraft, fire control equipment, Iris-T short-range air-to-air missiles, bombs, and ammunition, in second place and third place (4.4%).
Recommended Article: Okulista Warszawa Zapewni zdrowie oczu dla każdego